Monument very near to Piazza del Gesù Luxury Suites
The square in front of the fifteenth-century Palazzo Venezia, the residence of Pope Paul II, was the first major urban intervention of Rome in 500, the point of arrival of the famous 'Running of the Barberi', which took place at Carnival along the Via del Corso, in which the square served as a monumental conclusion.
The realization of the colossal monument to Vittorio Emanuele II (1885-1925) caused a radical transformation of the entire area near the Capitol, on the opposite side to the Palazzo Venezia was built the Palace 'twin' of Assicurazioni Generali, while the Palace Venice that occupied the space in front of the monument was dismantled and rebuilt further back, behind the palace.
After the Great War, with the burial of the Unknown Soldier and the destination of the monument to the seat of the head of government, it reinforced the image of the square as a political and 'new hole' of the city.
In 1929, Benito Mussolini chose it as the seat of government from the balcony and delivered his speech to the "huge gatherings" fascist. For this reason, the square became the center of the city, was proclaimed "Hole in Italy" In front of the Palazzo Venezia was raised, in the early twentieth century, the Palazzo delle Assicurazioni Generali, whose facade (architect Giuseppe Sacconi) incorporates the essential features of the oldest building that faces and is lined with a lion of San Marco taken from a bastion of the walls of Padua. It was built set back from the demolished buildings: building-Paracciani Nepoti, Palazzo Torlonia (or Del Nero-Bolognetti-Torlonia, Carlo Fontana) and building-Frangipane Vincenzi. They were located on the axis of Via del Corso: the square, now focal point of the new routes designed to Rome, the capital, was so greatly expanded.
In addition to the Palazzo Venezia, the original arrangement of the square has been preserved on the north side with the Palazzo Bonaparte, where he lived from 1818 until his death Ramolino Letizia, Napoleon's mother. Behind the covered balcony (called "the balcony") that still stands out on the corner with Via del Corso, the old lady - who was ritiratissima life - he spent his days observing the life of the square below (then much more narrow and irregular) . When very old, had become blind not give up his hobby, and he was telling the street life by his housekeeper.
During the Christmas season in the square is placed a large fir tree decorated (moved from 2006 to Piazza del Colosseo Colosseum metro opposite the exit due to the construction of the new subway line), while the intersection with Via del Corso, the raised platform for the city police has long been an element of inspiration for many films and commercials, from "Roman Holiday" with Gregory Peck in "to Rome with Love" by Woody Allen, who directed the opening scene with Pierluigi Marchionne.
At the beginning of September 2009 was proposed reintitolazione as the "Square of the Unification of Italy" in 2011, on the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the proclamation of the Kingdom of Italy, then rejected the proposal.